Thursday, January 27, 2011

Grammar 2: The Melanau Pronouns

12:18 AM

Fortunately in Melanau the pronouns do not chance to the grammatical cases mentioned above. The melanau pronouns maintain their form in any cases.


Awek Lun Bawang

Pronoun is a word that substitute a noun. example of pronouns are I, You, Me, He, She,Them, We and Us.
In english pronouns change their form due to certain grammatical cases like Nominative, Accusative, Dative or Genitive. Look at the example below:

He goes to school- here the pronoun "HE" is in nominative case i.e "HE" is now the subject of the sentence
Ali saw him yesterday- here "HIM" is in accusative case i.e the direct object of the sentence. The original form of "HIM" is "HE"
Ali gave him the book- here "HIM" is in dative case i.e. the indirect object of the sentence.
That is his book- here "HIS" is in genitive case i.e the owner of the object in the sentence.

Fortunately in Melanau the pronouns do not chance to the grammatical cases mentioned above. The melanau pronouns maintain their form in any cases.
eg.
Nominative: He goes to school- Siyén mapun skul
Accusative: Ali saw him yesterday- Ali peden siyén mabei
Dative: Ali gave him the book- Ali pejuah buk yen gak siyén
Genitive: That is his book- Yen buk siyén

Here is a complete list of melanau pronouns in Mukah Dialect.

Extra: Muwa- both of us
Singular Dual Plural
1st Person Akou (I) Tua (You & I) Melou (We)
2nd Person Ka'au ( You) Kedua (both of you) Kelou (you)
3rd Person siyén (he,she)

yén (it)
lou yén dua (both of them) lou yén (they)

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